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Ration Card in Bihar



bihar ration card
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In Bihar, a ration card is considered a vital document granting access to subsidised food grains from the government. This program aims to ensure food security for residents. Obtaining a ration card in Bihar can be done through either an online or offline application process. Both application methods require various documents for verification purposes. Keep reading to explore the eligibility criteria, required documents, and application procedures for acquiring a ration card in Bihar.

What is a Bihar Ration Card?

A Bihar Ration Card is an official document issued by the Government of Bihar’s Food and Consumer Protection Department. It acts like a membership card, allowing qualifying households to purchase essential items like wheat, rice, sugar, and kerosene at significantly subsidised rates from government-run Fair Price Shops (FPS). This program, called the Public Distribution System (PDS), helps ensure food security and affordable access to necessities, particularly for low-income families.

Bihar Ration Card Eligibility Criteria

The eligibility criteria for different ration cards in Bihar vary depending on the income limit to which each family belong. Get a detailed overview of the same in the table below:

Ration Card Type Eligibility Criteria
Below Poverty Line (BPL) A resident of Bihar Below the Poverty Line with an annual income of less than ₹27,000.
Antyodaya Anna Yojana (AAY) The poorest of the Poor category within BPL May be identified through local surveys
Above Poverty Line (APL) A resident of Bihar Income above the Poverty Line
Annapurna Elderly pensioner residing in Bihar

Documents Required to Apply for Bihar Ration Card

If you are looking to apply for a Bihar Ration Card online, then you have to keep certain documents handy. These documents are important as they offer a detailed insight into an applicant’s income level and eligibility status. Here are the documents required to apply for a Bihar Ration Card:

Documents Required for Bihar Ration Card Application
Identity Proof
  • Aadhar Card
  • Pan Card
  • Family photograph
Address Proof
  • Electricity Bill
  • Water Bill
  • Landline Phone Bill
  • Passport
  • Driving License
  • Bank Passbook (First Page with Address)
  • Aadhaar Card (if it mentions your address
Other documents
  • Aadhaar Card of Each Family Member
  • Income Certificate
  • Caste Certificate
  • Disability Certificate

How to Apply for a Ration Card in Bihar?

If you do not have a Bihar Ration Card then you can apply for that either in the online or offline mode. However, while doing so, the applicants have to adhere to the steps that are mentioned in the section below:

Online Application for Bihar Ration Card

  • Visit the official website of the Electronic Public Distribution System (EPDS) Bihar,
  • If you are a new user, register yourself on the portal by creating an account
  • Once logged in, navigate to the “RC Online” section and click on “Apply for Online RC.”
  • Fill out the online application form carefully, providing details about your family members and attaching scanned copies of the required documents
  • Submit the application form online and note down the registration number to track its status

Offline Application for Bihar Ration Card

  • Obtain a ration card application form from any Circle Office or S.D.O. office in your district
  • Fill out the application form manually with all the required information
  • Attach the necessary documents (mentioned previously) with the application form
  • Submit the completed application form along with the documents to the nearest office of the Food and Consumer Protection Department

Also, read: How to Check Ration Card Application Status Online

How to Download Bihar Ration Card?

To download the Bihar Ration Card, follow these simple steps on the official EPDS website:

  • Step 1: Visit the EPDS Bihar Website: Go to
  • Step 2: Navigate to “RCMS Report”: On the homepage, find the “RCMS Report” section on the right side and click on it.
  • Step 3: Fill in the Required Details:
    • District: Select your district from the dropdown menu.
    • Area (Rural/Urban): Choose whether you live in a rural or urban area.
    • Block Name: Pick your block name from the options provided.
    • Gram Panchayat Name: If you are in a rural area, enter your Gram Panchayat name. This is usually not required for urban areas.
    • Village Name: For rural areas, enter your village name if applicable.
  • Step 4: Show and Download: After entering all the necessary information, click the “Show” button. Review the displayed Bihar Ration Card and download it for your records.

Also, read:

How to Check and Verify My Name on the Bihar Ration Card List?

If you wish to complete your name verification on the Bihar Ration Card list then check out the following steps:

  • Step 1: Visit the ‘Electronic Public Distribution System (EPDS) Bihar (’ portal online.
  • Step 2: Click on the section titled “Ration Card Management System (RCMS)” Report on the EPDS Bihar portal. This section facilitates access to various reports related to the management of ration cards.
  • Step 3: You will be redirected to a new page that contains all the details related to the RCMS Report.
  • Step 4: The RCMS Report page asks for your location details to find the exact ration cards you need. This includes selecting your district, block (a sub-division within the district), panchayat (a local village council), and finally, your village itself. By zooming in on your specific area, the search results become more manageable and only show ration cards relevant to your community.
  • Step 5: Choose your district, block, Panchayat, and village from the dropdown menu, and then click on the search button. You can now check if the ration card that is displayed belongs to you.
  • Step 6: Please make sure to carefully review the ration card list shown on the screen and locate your unique ration card number to check your status.
  • Step 7: Click on the Bihar e-ration card and scroll along to check essential details such as the names of family members, Aadhaar numbers, and the type of ration card allotted.
  • Step 8: Go through the e-ration card of Bihar and download it on the device for future reference.

How do I check my Ration Card Status in Bihar?

Using RCMS Bihar Ration Card Official Site

  • Step 1: Navigate to the RCMS Bihar Ration Card Official Site,
  • Step 2: Go to the top menu on the homepage and click on the Application Status.
  • Step 3: Next, from the list, select your district along with your subdivision and then put in your RTPS number.
  • Step 4: Click on the ‘Show’ button to check the status of your ration card application.

Using AePDS Bihar Portal Website for Ration Card Details

  • Step 1: Visit the Bihar Ration Card Website Portal.
  • Step 2: Now, on the homepage, find the ‘RC Details’ option.
  • Step 3: Enter your district and ration card number into the mentioned fields of the dashboard.
  • Step 4: Go through the details mentioned on the Bihar Ration Card and then take its printout.

How to add and delete a member from a Bihar ration card?

If you are looking to add or delete a member from a Bihar ration card, then the following steps are of great help:

Add a Member to the Bihar Ration Card

  • Visit the official website of the food supply for the state.
  • Next, log in with username and password and then click on the new member to add a member.
  • Enter the relevant details as asked on the application form, followed by uploading the documents in the scanned format.
  • Submit the documents required and then obtain the registration number to add a member.

Remove a Member to Bihar Ration Card

Here are the steps to remove the member from the Bihar ration card:

  • Visit the official website of the Bihar Food Supply Department.
  • Go through the website and find the form to remove the member’s name.
  • Enter all the relevant details of the member that have to be deleted.
  • Attach necessary documents like a death certificate if the person is dead.
  • Submit the form to the panchayat, block level area, or the nearest district food supply department after payment of the fee.

What is the purpose of the Jan Vitran Ann (JVA) Ration Card Portal in Bihar?

The Jan Vitran Ann (JVA) Ration Card Portal, also known as the Ration Card Management System (RCMS), is an online platform designed to manage ration cards in Bihar for the National Food Security Act. It acts as a central hub for various functionalities related to ration cards.
Here is a breakdown of the purpose and usage of the Jan Vitran Ann Portal:

  • JVA facilitates the issuance of new ration cards to families eligible under the Act.
  • It allows for modifications to existing ration cards, including updating details, handling family splits, or changing the card type.
  • If a ration card is no longer needed, it can be surrendered through the JVA portal.
  • Citizens can check the application status of their new ration card or the details of their existing card.


  1. How can I check my ration card name in Bihar?

You have to simply log in to the official website of epds to check your ration card name in Bihar.

  1. What is the Bihar ration card official website?

The Bihar Ration Card website is EPDS,

  1. How to check ration card status in Bihar using an Aadhaar number?

One has to simply log in to the official website of EPDS, and check the ration card status in Bihar using an Aadhaar number.

  1. Who is eligible for a ration card in Bihar?

The applicants who fall below BPL (Below the Poverty Line) or are eligible under the Annapurna scheme will qualify for a ration card in Bihar.

  1. What documents are required to apply for a ration card in Bihar?

One needs to submit Identity Proof, Address Proof, an Aadhaar Card of Each Family Member, a Caste Certificate and Disability Certificate to apply for a ration card in Bihar.

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